Chapter 3 – Section 2

© ‘Life in the united kingdom: a journey to citizenship’ material is reproduced under Open Parliament Licence.

The nations and regions of the UK

The UK is a medium-sized country. The longest distance on the mainland, from John O’Groats on the north coast of Scotland to Land’s End in the south-west corner of England, is about 870 miles (approximately 1,400 kilometres). Most of the population live in towns and cities.

There are many variations in culture and language in the different parts of the United Kingdom. This is seen in differences in architecture, in some local customs, in types of food, and especially in language. The English language has many accents and dialects. These are a clear indication of regional differences in the UK. Well-known dialects in England are Geordie (Tyneside), Scouse (Liverpool) and Cockney (London). Many other languages in addition to English are spoken in the UK, especially in multicultural cities.

In Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, people speak different varieties and dialects of English. In Wales, too, an increasing number of people speak Welsh, which is taught in schools and universities. In Scotland Gaelic is spoken in some parts of the Highlands and Islands and in Northern Ireland a few people speak Irish Gaelic. Some of the dialects of English spoken in Scotland show the influence of the old Scottish language, Scots. One of the dialects spoken in Northern Ireland is called Ulster Scots.

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7 Responses to “Chapter 3 – Section 2”

  1. Oliver OLivagi says:

    Very useful to learn names of accents and dilects or languages. In England for example, I knew cockney because I lived in east London, but Ididn’t knowthe other two. I have made a note about these now. Great!

  2. smita says:

    good description of accents n dilects. sure ,not all would know about , after long stay in UK

  3. liu says:

    870 mile 1400km,
    cockney,( london) ;
    geordie (tyneside),
    scouse ( livepool) ,
    scot, scotland gaelic ( scotland, highland )ulster scout,irish gaelic (n ireland)

  4. liu says:

    useful information

  5. Dainah says:

    ‘In Scotland Gaelic is spoken in some parts of the Highlands and Islands’

    In one the most current official books for the test practice, there was a question on where the Scotland Gaelic is spoken and there was the choice of 1) the South 2) Highlands and islands among others and the answer was the south so i was left confused.

  6. Jenny says:

    I agree with Dainah and appreciate any help re gaelic in south or highlands/islands in Scotland. Thank you.

  7. shah e affan durrani says:

    dear sir
    i am very happy because this is the only way to improve the knowledge about the U.K.Like the countries and their capitals.
    your faitfull
    Shah E Affan

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